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Zhuang Rongwen is the director of the Cyberspace Administration of China, the agency in charge of enforcing the Communist Party’s all-encompassing control over the internet inside the country. Under Zhuang’s leadership, the agency has amassed tremendous power in policing Chinese tech companies and internet users, publishing regulations that cover everything from censorship and algorithms to Chinese firms’ overseas listings. Zhuang is seen as a close associate of Chinese President Xi Jinping, having worked under Xi when the future president was a provincial official. Since he began leading the internet regulator in 2018, Zhuang has vowed to build a “civilized” cyberspace, dominated by the party’s ideology.

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